Directives that may have an impact on road lighting.
Directives are European laws that apply to all EU member states. Directives affecting lighting are concerned with product safety, the efficient use of energy throughout a product’s life cycle, the efficient use of natural resources, restriction of the use of hazardous materials and the control and recycling of waste materials at the end of a product’s useful life.
Low Voltage Directive (LVD) is primarily concerned with electrical safety and takes into account product design, manufacturing and testing. Compliance is guaranteed by conformity with the European standard EN 60598.
Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (EMC) requires that electrical devices are designed and operated to ensure that they do not interfere with other electrical devices by radiated or conducted electromagnetic emissions, and that they have adequate immunity from interference from other electrical devices. Compliance is verified by conformity with relevant IEC standards.
Energy Efficiency (Ballasts for Fluorescent Lighting) Directive requires that ballasts for fluorescent lamps must meet defined energy efficiency criteria. Linked to this is the Energy Efficiency Labelling of Product directive that requires manufacturers mark their products with an energy efficiency label.
CE mark is compulsory for all luminaires put into the market in EU member states. It signifies that the product complies with Low Voltage Directive (LVD), the Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive (EMC) and the Energy Efficiency (Ballasts for Fluorescent Lighting) Directive.
Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive (RoHS) is concerned with minimising the use of toxic materials. For lighting products there are certain exemptions such as mercury in lamps, lead in glass tubes and nickel-cadmium batteries for emergency lighting luminaires but there is an onus on the user to ensure the safe disposal of these at the end of life.
Ecodesign of Energy-using Products Directive (EuP) is intended to reduce the consumption of natural resources and energy and to minimise the environmental impact of products throughout their life cycle. There is an emphasis on designing products to use materials that can be recycled and reused and that can be easily dismantled at the end of the products’ useful life. Manufacturers must give clear guidance on the correct and efficient use of products.
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE) places an onus on users of electrical equipment to ensure the safe, effective and efficient disposal of equipment at the end of its useful life. Individual EU member states make their own decisions on how to implement the directive. There is an emphasis on recycling of materials.
Construction Products Directive (CPD) has an impact on the application and safety of columns and brackets used for road lighting. Compliance is verified by conformity with the requirements of EN40.
The principal European standards affecting road lighting scheme design.
EN 13201 Road Lighting
EN 40 Lighting columns
EN 12767 Passive safety of support structures for road equipment. Requirements and test method
EN 12464-2 Light and Lighting - Lighting of Work Places - Part 2: Outdoor work places
Codes of practice
Codes of practice are recommendations of good practice and are typically published by national standards organisations, professional institutions, research organisations and learned societies. The recommendations may not be recognised internationally.
Unless specifically mentioned in a law, directive or standard codes of practice have no official recognition although clients may refer to them in specifications and lighting designers may apply them when designing lighting schemes.